Patriarch Joachim II of Constantinople (image from Wikimedia Commons)

Ecumenical Patriarch Opposes American Slavery in 1862

At the close of 1862, the Ecumenical Patriarch Joachim II wrote an annual retrospective on the year that had just ended. An American anti-slavery newspaper called the Liberator picked up this part of Joachim’s letter in its April 24, 1863 issue: The United States of America, after many years of union and peace, after gigantic material…

Early stages of the Bulgarian schism from Constantinople

We just finished running a series of six articles on the 1872 Council of Constantinople, published contemporaneously in the Methodist Quarterly Review. The following article is from about a decade earlier, and describes the early stages of the Bulgarian split from the Patriarchate of Constantinople. This piece is from an American journal called The Independent,…